Trauma to the eye may be as a result of an accident, scratch, puncture or contamination, often causing swelling, redness, bleeding, pain and other symptoms for patients of all ages.
Types of Retinal Complications of Trauma
Depending on the type and severity of the injury, patients may experience certain retinal complications as a result of trauma to the eye. Conditions may include the following:
- Retinal tear
- Retinal detachment
- Retinal hemorrhage
- Purtscher's disease
- Proliferative vitreo-retinopathy
Retinal tears and detachment may result from blunt injury, which involves the vitreous pulling away from the retina either partially or completely, allowing fluid to travel between the retina and the vitreous wall. This condition often causes flashes and floaters to develop in the vision, and can cause peripheral vision loss over time.
Retinal hemorrhaging may also occur from trauma, which is the result of the blood vessels bleeding. This condition can lead to a temporary or permanent loss of vision.
Treatment of Retinal Complications of Trauma
Patients with retinal tears and other types of ocular injuries need to seek immediate treatment for their condition in order to reduce the risk of complications. Treatment for a retinal tear or detachment usually involves laser or cryotherapy treatment to repair the damage and preserve vision.
The best treatment for trauma complications is to prevent the trauma from occurring in the first place. It is important to take the necessary precautions to protect the eyes during sports and any other dangerous activities.
To learn more about our Retina and Vision Services, please contact us at (212) 604-9800 today to schedule an appointment.